JAKARTA IN CENTURIES
The city has witnessed the key events in the nation's history. Jakarta was originally named Sunda Kelapa as the part of Tarumanegara, one of the oldest Hindu kingdoms. Throughout history, Jakarta's name changed several times. In the pre-colonial era (1527 – 1619), Fatahillah, a general from Demak Sultanate, changed the name to Jayakarta.
However, during the Dutch colonial era, which began in 1619, Jayakarta was renamed Batavia by Dutch East Indies. Ultimately after Indonesian nationalist movement achieved independence, the city of Batavia was renamed “Jakarta” which in Sanskrit translates as Jaya जय (Victorious) and Krta कृत (Accomplished) hence Jakarta means "complete victory."
Time Starved? One Hour
Located at Jagakarsa district in South Jakarta, the site is devoted to preserving the cultural heritage of the Betawi cultural village. People here live in the very traditional ways which can no longer be seen in other parts of Jakarta.
Visitors will be captivated by the beautiful architecture and the shape of the traditional houses upon arriving at the site. Ultimately, guests can enjoy the art dance performance or the occasionally held traditional ceremonies. Traditional cuisine and local fruit are also available for guests to enjoy.
Time Starved? Two Hours
The Monumen Nasional is an icon for Jakarta which was built during Soekarno’s era (Indonesia’s first president); to commemorate Indonesian Independence. He believed that it also symbolized harmony, balance, fertility and eternal life for the nation. This is a must-go place during a visit to Jakarta.
Take the opportunity to browse around surrounding Monas – (the abbreviation of Monumen Nasional), as it is close to other local attractions which are worth a visit such as; National Museum, Merdeka Palace (Presidential Palace), Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta Cathedral and National Gallery.